LECCIÓN 6 / Advanced
EL PLUSCUAMPERFECTO DEL SUBJUNTIVO
The pluperfect subjunctive is simply a compound form of the imperfect subjunctive. This form is like the pluperfect indicative tense in that it refers to an action that occurred prior to another action, or prior to a specific point in time in the past. Like the imperfect subjunctive, the pluperfect subjunctive is found after verbs of emotion. In later lessons, we will also see this form used commonly in certain “if clauses” and in sentences expressing doubt or uncertainty.
You were hoping that the ballplayer Yasiel Puig had arrived at the stadium before seven o’clock.
I was glad that you had already listened to Christina Aguilera’s Christmas album.
I regret that we hadn’t set the table before your arrival.
If only I had called you yesterday!
It bothered my friends that the teacher had
never given them a high grade.
destruido toda la cosecha.
I was happy that the insects hadn’t destroyed the entire crop.
It surprised us that the patient hadn’t died.
We would have preferred that they hadn’t revealed the secret.
It bothered the Cuban photographer Albert Korda that he had never been given enough credit for his famous photograph of Che Guevara.